It is quite unusual in commercial development when a new product is deemed a major breakthrough and at the same time, advances our understanding of science. Endurox R4 created the recovery category and multiple studies conducted using Endurox R4 gave scientists enormous insight on the mechanisms underlying muscle recovery. Every ingredient in Endurox R4 was specifically added to maximize recovery. It was the first product to show that a 4:1 ratio of carbohydrate to protein could accelerate recovery and raise the training level. Studies have reported a 55% increase in endurance in a subsequent workout 16 hours later and a 14% increase in muscle function 24 hours later.